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What is Anemia?

  • Anemia is a blood disorder.
  • Blood is a vital liquid that your heart pumps through your blood vessels and all throughout your body.
  • When something goes wrong with your blood, it can affect your health and quality of life.
  • Anemia can affect people at all ages, especially malnourished children and pregnant ladies.
  • Many types of anemia exist, but the most common type is iron deficiency anemia.
  • The good news is that anemia often can be successfully treated and even prevented.

What is Iron-Deficiency Anemia?

  • Your body needs iron to make hemoglobin, the protein in red blood cells (RBCs) that carries oxygen.
  • The main way you get iron is from food.
  •  At certain times—such as during pregnancy, growth spurts, or blood loss—your body may need to make more RBCs than usual. Thus, your body needs more iron than usual.
  • Iron deficiency anemia occurs if your body can’t keep up with its need for iron.
  • Groups at risk are Infants and children, adolescents, and women of childbearing age.
  • People who have certain diseases and conditions, such as Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, or kidney failure.
  • People who don’t get enough iron from the foods they eat.  
  • People who have internal bleeding.
  • Treatment: Iron supplements and dietary changes (eating food rich in iron and vitamin C, which increases iron absorption from food).

Possible Signs and Symptoms of Anemia:

  • Tiredness or weakness. Pale skin l Faintness or dizziness l Increased thirst l Sweating l Weak and rapid pulse, rapid breathing l Shortness of breath l Lower leg cramps l Heart-related symptoms (abnormal heart rhythms, heart murmurs, enlarged heart, heart failure)


Compiled by: Dr. Gasmelbari Mustafa

                       Expert Hematologist